CIRCA:The Digital Silk Road Project

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(What is Silk Road?)
(What is Silk Road?)
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=== What is Silk Road? ===
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== What is Silk Road? ==
The Silk Road (Chinese: 丝绸之路) was and is a network of trade routes connecting the East and West, from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century CE. It derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk that was carried out along its length beginning during the Han dynasty in China.  
The Silk Road (Chinese: 丝绸之路) was and is a network of trade routes connecting the East and West, from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century CE. It derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk that was carried out along its length beginning during the Han dynasty in China.  
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In June 2014, UNESCO designated the Chang'an-Tianshan corridor of the Silk Road as a World Heritage Site.
In June 2014, UNESCO designated the Chang'an-Tianshan corridor of the Silk Road as a World Heritage Site.
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== Digital Silk Road Project==
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Digital Silk Road Project is a digital humanities research project about creating digital archives of cultural heritage along the silk road based on collaboration between informatics and humanities. Now the recent projects they are working on include as follows: Digital Archive of Toyo Bunko Rare Books, Database of Ruins in Silk Road, Stein Placename Database, Digital Maps of Old Beijing, DSR Silk Road Music, etc.
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=== History and Members ===
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Digital Silk Road Project was Organised by National Institute of Informatics (NII) in 2001, and led by KITAMOTO laboratory, Which is focused on various methodologies for the better handling of image data. It involves Team members from various research institutions and universities across Japan and China.
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=== Purpose and Audience ===
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The purpose of the digital silk road project is to archive the huge amount of cultural resources that have been collected and studied from the ancient to the current, and inherit those resources for the future. They wish to Improve accessibility to those cultural resources for people who has interests in it to actually see and use those resources.
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=== Contents and Technologies ===
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To realize the goals, various information technologies are used in the research. 3D and Virtual Reality are used to reconstruct some important cultural heritage such as Citadel of Bam in Iran, which is totally destroyed by the earthquake. Their goal is to use the virtual reconstruction to the physical reconstruction in the future. Another example is Bezeklik Caves in China, which is famous for great wall paintings preserved under the sand but were completely removed by German expedition Team and brought back to Germany. The project team moved the wall paintings from books to a 3D space so that people in other countries can see and imagine the wall paintings in their original forms.
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Image Information Processing and GIS are also be used to organize database of ruins and digital maps in the silk road. Different Gazeteers of the sites along the silk road are created and each one of them has its own database, researchers can find the details they need by searching the key words.
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== Support ==
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Since 2001, the projects are financially supported by the following institutions:
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•Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
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•Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)
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•National Institute of Informatics
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== Reference ==
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#https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silk_Road
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#http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/~kitamoto/index.html.en
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#http://dsr.nii.ac.jp/index.html.en

Revision as of 17:03, 24 October 2021

Contents

What is Silk Road?

The Silk Road (Chinese: 丝绸之路) was and is a network of trade routes connecting the East and West, from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century CE. It derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk that was carried out along its length beginning during the Han dynasty in China.

The Silk Road trade played a significant role in the development of the civilizations of China, Japan,  Indian subcontinent, Arabia, Africa and Europe, opening long-distance political and economic relations between those civilizations. Although silk was the major item exported from China for trade, many other goods and ideas were exchanged, including religions (especially Buddhism), syncretic philosophies, and technologies like paper and gunpowder. So, the Silk Road was a route not only for economic trade but also cultural interactions among the civilizations that used it. 

In June 2014, UNESCO designated the Chang'an-Tianshan corridor of the Silk Road as a World Heritage Site.

Digital Silk Road Project

Digital Silk Road Project is a digital humanities research project about creating digital archives of cultural heritage along the silk road based on collaboration between informatics and humanities. Now the recent projects they are working on include as follows: Digital Archive of Toyo Bunko Rare Books, Database of Ruins in Silk Road, Stein Placename Database, Digital Maps of Old Beijing, DSR Silk Road Music, etc.

History and Members

Digital Silk Road Project was Organised by National Institute of Informatics (NII) in 2001, and led by KITAMOTO laboratory, Which is focused on various methodologies for the better handling of image data. It involves Team members from various research institutions and universities across Japan and China.

Purpose and Audience

The purpose of the digital silk road project is to archive the huge amount of cultural resources that have been collected and studied from the ancient to the current, and inherit those resources for the future. They wish to Improve accessibility to those cultural resources for people who has interests in it to actually see and use those resources.

Contents and Technologies

To realize the goals, various information technologies are used in the research. 3D and Virtual Reality are used to reconstruct some important cultural heritage such as Citadel of Bam in Iran, which is totally destroyed by the earthquake. Their goal is to use the virtual reconstruction to the physical reconstruction in the future. Another example is Bezeklik Caves in China, which is famous for great wall paintings preserved under the sand but were completely removed by German expedition Team and brought back to Germany. The project team moved the wall paintings from books to a 3D space so that people in other countries can see and imagine the wall paintings in their original forms.

Image Information Processing and GIS are also be used to organize database of ruins and digital maps in the silk road. Different Gazeteers of the sites along the silk road are created and each one of them has its own database, researchers can find the details they need by searching the key words.

Support

Since 2001, the projects are financially supported by the following institutions:

•Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)

•Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

•National Institute of Informatics

Reference

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silk_Road
  2. http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/~kitamoto/index.html.en
  3. http://dsr.nii.ac.jp/index.html.en
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