CIRCA:Other rhetorical questions based frameworks


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David Perry on Game Design: A Brainstorming Toolbox (Book)

Perry offers the following method to evaluate game ideas according to questions a commercial client might want to see answered in a project pitch:

"If you really want to evaluate your hook concepts, try filling in the following information.
These are the questions you should ask yourself to see how strong your game proposal is.
If you are pitching a game, you should by all means try to be ready for these questions."
  1. Does the target audience already respect the developer of this game?
  2. Does any aspect of this game design bring back fond memories or nostalgia for the target audience?
  3. Are the graphics generally likely to be better than rival/competitive products?
  4. Are your artists going to be able to make this subject matter look breathtaking?
  5. Based on the story scenes, do you expect people to want to watch every minute of the cinematics? (Get a point if there are no cinematics in your game.)
  6. Will the game feel new/original/fresh?
  7. Will it be easier to play (easier to get into by design) than competitive games?
  8. Is the functionality/depth/range of features planned for the game more impressive when compared to other games in the same genre?
  9. Do you think a player would be perceived as “cool” by his friends if he introduced them to this game?
  10. Would most people (not just hardcore gamers) be able to play your game and get into the most fun parts relatively quickly?
  11. Does the game have a cool-sounding, easy to remember/easy to say/easy to spell name that suggests or reveals what the game is about?
  12. Is there an exciting feature that can be saved for the Limited Edition version?
  13. Does the game potentially have any collectable value? (Is it part of a series, for example?)
  14. Can the owner play the game with his friends sitting on the sofa next to him?
  15. Can the owner play the game with his friends through the Internet?
  16. If playing through the Internet, can the player chat with his friends easily while playing?
  17. Can the player share or trade his success (his spoils of war) with his friends?
  18. Can the game be customized or personalized?
  19. Is the game going to be presented by a respected game designer/programmer or producer?
  20. Will the game star a really well-known celebrity character, actor, or actress?
  21. Will the soundtrack be crafted by a very (globally) popular or famous composer or band?
  22. Is the story written by a famous or respected writer?
  23. Is the focus on a subject matter that the target audience is really excited about these days? (One that hasn’t already been done many times before?)
  24. Will people be amazed by the visual effects?
  25. Does the global gaming audience really love this game genre?
  26. Is there any controversy regarding this game that the target audience will hear about?
  27. Is there a way to make the price lower than that of your direct competitors?
  28. Do you have any clever plans for marketing the game?
  29. Will the game engine have a way to avoid long boring periods, long load times, or other elements that try a gamer’s patience?
  30. Are you sure people won’t think this game is weird or strange?
  31. Will gamers playing this game laugh out loud at any time while playing?
  32. Would it be possible to reveal the unique hook in this game in a television commercial of 30 seconds?
  33. Can you play this game without ever reading a manual (by design)?
  34. Will you have movie-quality sound effects/ambiance/speech in the game?
  35. Will the game offer immediate replayability?
  36. If a player gets stuck, will the game detect this and help him out of this problem?
  37. Will the game have interesting “very memorable moments” (high points), as opposed to repetitive gameplay?
  38. Will the story have an exciting start?
  39. Will the story have a surprising ending that will compel people to talk about it?
  40. Will the game have a fun and interesting learn-as-you-play in-game tutorial?
"Why do this? Say you have four ideas, and you just can’t decide which to really flesh out and start working on.
Run them through this test and then go with the winner.
Or, run the test, get the score, then try to add 10 more points to that score.
Go back and read the questions for inspiration on how you could add those 10 more points."

SETT (Student, Environment, Task, Tools) framework .Pdf of conference handout

The SETT Framework, developed by Joy Zabala, is an organisational instrument to help collaborative
teams create student-centred, environmentally useful, and tasks-focused tool systems that foster the educational
success of students with disabilities.
Key questions are asked in each area to in order
to guide teams in gathering data and information to support the consideration and implementation of appropriate
inclusive technologies. These questions provide a framework and not a protocol, as they guide the discussion
and provide a vehicle for the team to collaborate and form a consensus on ‘where to from here’.


  • What are the student’s current abilities?
  • What are the student’s special needs?
  • What are the functional areas of concern?
  • What are the other students doing that this student needs to be able to do?
  • What does the student need to be able to do that is difficult or impossible to accomplish independently at

this time? Environment

  • What activities take place in the environment?
  • Where will the student participate—classroom, home, community, therapy?
  • What is the physical arrangement?
  • What activities do other students do that this student cannot currently participate in?
  • What assistive technology does the student have access to or currently use?


  • What specific tasks occur in the environment?
  • What activities is the student expected to do?
  • What does success look like?


Tools are devices and services—anything that is needed to help the student participate and benefit from.
  • Are the tools being considered on a continuum from no/low to high-tech?
  • Are the tools student centred and task oriented and reflect the student’s current needs?
  • Are tools being considered because of their features that are needed rather than brand names?
  • What is the cognitive load required by the student to use the tool?
  • What are the training requirements for the student, family and staff?
When an inclusive technology solution is identified teams need to consider a number of factors.
  • Does this tool address the tasks the student is experiencing difficulty with?
  • Does it reinforce least restrictive options?
  • Is it simple to use and acquire?
  • Will it be accepted by student, family, and peers?
  • Will the student require a range of strategies for an individual task?
  • Were no/low-tech options also considered?
Finally, a trial and evaluation of the inclusive technology selected is undertaken.
The SETT Framework is not a one off event but an ongoing framework
for collaborative teams to gather information and ensure that the most appropriate inclusive technology tools
are being utilised by the student. As a result there needs to be ongoing Re-SETTing, where teams
need to return to the SETT questions at least annually.
It is a matter of keeping decision-guiding information accurate, up to date,
and clearly inclusive of the shared knowledge of all involved

KnowledgeContext (non-profit organization website)

"KnowledgeContext is an educational not-for-profit corporation that helps young people think critically about technology."They use a three-tiered evaluation framework for technology called ICE.

I is for identity:
  • 1. What is technology? 2. Why do we use it? 3. Where does it come from? 4. How does it work?
C is for change:
  • 2. How does it change? 2. How does it change us? 3. How do we change it?
E is for evaluation:
  • 1. What are its costs and benefits? 2. How do we evaluate it?

Comprehensive Interpretive Plans: A Framework of Questions

Marianna Adams and Judy Koke The Journal of Museum Education , Vol. 33, No. 3, Institution Wide Interpretive Planning (Fall, 2008), pp. 293-299 Published by: Maney Publishing Article Stable URL:

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