CIRCA:HTML5 & Multimedia


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HTML5 is the new HTML specification currently being developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG). Both W3C and WHATWG have working documents for the new specification (HTML5: A Vocabulary and Associated API’s for HTML and XHTML and HTML: Living Standard respectively) with the same definition of HTML5: The World Wide Web's markup language has always been HTML. HTML was primarily designed as a language for semantically describing scientific documents, although its general design and adaptations over the years have enabled it to be used to describe a number of other types of documents. The main area that has not been adequately addressed by HTML is a vague subject referred to as Web Applications. This specification attempts to rectify this, while at the same time updating the HTML specifications to address issues raised in the past few years. The WHATWG also has a visual representation of where HTML5 fits with the other specifications.

One major difference between HTML5 and the earlier specification is the addition of JavaScript API’s (Application Programing Interfaces). JavaScript is a client side scripting language having it as part of the HTML web page means that it is up to the browser to do something with it. (Devlin 2012)



Web & HTML

Tim Berners-Lee developed HTML and the world wide web in 1989 and in 1994 Berners-Lee founded the W3C, “a neutral organization designed to set standards for the web’s growth.” (Lambert 2005) Where one of the goals of W3C is to prevent one company from forcing a technology onto users, as Microsoft was trying to dominate the web from 1997 to 2007. (David 2010)

In 1998 W3C decided to stop developing HTML as they thought the future lay with XML and XHTML. As such, the web’s markup language remained at HTML 4.01 and the W3C went forward producing specifications for XHTML 1.0 and later 2.0. Meanwhile a new group was formed WHATWG, consisting of members from Opera, Mozilla and Apple. WHATWG started working on a specification called Web Applications 1.0 that would later be used for modelling HTML5. In 2006 W3C decided that further development of HTML was necessary and the latest version of XHTML would expire in 2009. Currently both W3C and WHATWG are working together on the new HTML specification known as HTML5. (Devlin 2012 and Lawson 2012)

Web & Multimedia

HTML5 & Multimedia


David, Mathew. 2010. HTML5: Designing Rich Internet Applications [Internet]. Burlington, MA : Focal Press [cited 2012 October 24] Available from:[1]

Devlin, Ian. 2012. HTML5 Multimedia:Development and Design [Internet]. Berkeley, CA : Peachpit Press [cited 2012 October 21] Available from: [2]

Lambert, Laura. 2005. The Internet: A Historical Encyclopedia [Internet]. Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO [cited 2012 October 19] 15V1-21V1. Available from: [3]

Lawson, Bruce. 2012. Introducing HTML5 [Internet]. Berkeley, CA : New Riders [cited 2012 October 21] Available from: [4]

[WHATWG]Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group [Internet]. 2012. [Place of publication unknown]: HTML Living Standard [updated 2012 October 22; cited 2012 October 23] Available from: [5]

[W3C] World Wide Web Consortium [Internet]. 2012. [Place of publication unknown]: HTML5 A Vocabulary and Associated API’s for HTML and XHTML [Updated 2012 October 11; cited 2012 October 21] Available from: [6]

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