CIRCA:Text Analysis Literature Review


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"Text Analysis and the Dynamic Edition? A Working Paper, Briefly Articulating Some Concerns with an Algorithmic Approach to the Electronic Scholarly Edition." Ray Siemens, with the TAPoR Community. Text Technology. Volume 14 issue 1. 2005. pg. 91-98

In this article, Siemens talks about the rise of text analysis. In the 1990’s text analysis and text analysis computing tools (TACT) were becoming popular. However, these highly-encoded electronic texts did not offer text analysis features that meet our expectations. Concerns over the development of the electronic scholarly edition fell into four areas: meeting community needs, expectations, and expertise or familiarity levels; repurposing existing tools and developing new tools; the seamless integration of those tools with one another; and development of an interface. Among the community, hypertext was adopted quickly since it was more intuitive. Basic searching, collocation, and condording were the main tools familiar to scholars, while the other tools the community was less familiar with. Simple navigational strategies, as well as those more complex such as visualizations or the ability to work with large corpora was identified. Text analysis tools such as those found in TAPoR and TACT could be repurposed and adapted. However, new tools would also be created that will work with texts in various formats and encoded states. These tools would also need to be integrated via an interface, which would be seamless and intuitive.

"Towards Next Generation Text Analysis Tools: The Text Analysis Markup Language (TAML)". Stéfan Sinclair. Text Technology. Volume 14 issue 1. 2005. pg 99-107

In this article, Sinclair discusses the Text Analysis Markup Language (TAML) so the community can help develop text analysis tools. Humanists do not recognize text analysis tools, and those being used are limited to older applications such as TACT Wordcruncher, and Concordancer. Other tools that are available are stand-alone programs that do not benefit the larger community of developers. Development of text analysis tools has been a long-term plan with the proposed establishment of peer review. By providing incentives and recognition, more colleagues will be more willing to develop new text analysis tools. The TAML, which is discusses, allows developers to reuse many resources so they only have to focus on creating innovative functionality. Developers can extend the possibility of existing tools rather than building them again. So far there has not been a successful effort of code development for text analysis tools. These developments failed due to a lack of robust mechanism for data interchange between tools.

"Drawing Knowledge from Information: Early Modern Texts and Images on the TAPoR Platform". Claire Carlin . Text Technology. Volume 14 issue 1. 2005. pg 13-20

"Determining Value for Digital Humanities Tools: Report on a Survey of Tool Developers". Susan Schreibman. Digital Humanities Quaterly. Volume 4 issue 2. 2010.

"Eye-ConTact: Towards a New Design for Text-Analysis Tools". Geoffrey Rockwell, John Bradley. CHWP A.4. Feb. 1998.

"Words, Patterns and Documents: Experiments in Machine Learning and Text Analysis". Shlomo Argamon, Mark Olsen. Digital Humanities Quarterly. Volume 3 issue 2. Spring 2009.

"ManiWordle: Providing Flexible Control over Wordle". Kyle Koh, Bongshin Lee, Bohyoung Kim, Jinwook Seo. Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE. Volume 16 issue 6. 2010. pg 1190-1197

"Participatory Visualization with Wordle." F.B. Viegas, M. Wattenberg, J. Feinberg. Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE. Volume 15 issue 6. 2009. pg 1137-1144

"Using Wordle as a Supplementary Research Tool". Carmel McNaught, Paul Lam. Qualitative Report. Volume 15 issue 3. May 2010. pg 630-643

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